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Dyslexia/Dysgraphia Evaluations

Dyslexia is a brain-processing difference that limits the efficiency and accuracy of reading. Dysgraphia is a difference that affects aspects of writing, such as spelling, legibility, letter/word spacing, grammar, and composition. Neuropsychological evaluation can help clarify the diagnosis of dyslexia or dysgraphia and give a deeper understanding of the root cause of struggles as well as information about an individual’s unique strengths.

At Minnesota Neuropsychology, we offer dyslexia and dysgraphia testing for children and adults up to age 50.

How Neuropsychology Can Help

A neuropsychological evaluation looks carefully at potential reasons for learning struggles and integrates information from several different sources to gain insight into the specific challenges affecting school and/or work performances. Dyslexia and dysgraphia are two of the learning differences we can look for.

Information from testing provides insight into the underlying cause for the difficulties, and allows us to work together to create a data-driven plan to accentuate strengths, and accommodate and/or treat the learning challenges.


What Is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a learning difference characterized by difficulty with decoding words, reading fluency, and/or big-picture reading comprehension. Dyslexia is also:

  • Often linked with high levels of creativity, ingenuity, cognitive flexibility, and spatial skills
  • Often reflective of differences in brain development that can result in advanced skills and abilities in other areas
  • Often inherited, with one or more family members also having reading difficulties
  • Often co-occurring with other learning differences such as dyscalculia, dysgraphia, or ADHD
  • Able to overshadow strengths such as high visual-spatial or hands-on intelligence, which are less emphasized in the traditional education system

What Dyslexia is not:

  • Something to hide or be ashamed of
  • Untreatable
  • Related to intelligence

Symptoms of Dyslexia:

Children and adults with dyslexia may show various symptoms such as:

  • Difficulty learning to recognize letters and/or numbers
  • Difficulty mastering the letter-sound associations
  • Difficulty sounding out words, relying more on the memorization of sight words
  • Trouble with reading comprehension
  • Inability to finish tests that require reading
  • Avoidant or disruptive behaviors during classroom activities or homework time
  • A need to reread passages multiple times to gain understanding
  • Non-fluent, choppy reading
  • Anxiety, learned helplessness, or self-deprecating comments around learning

What Is Dysgraphia?

Dysgraphia is a learning difference characterized by difficulties in various aspects of the writing process, including spelling, legibility, letter/word spacing, punctuation, grammar, and composition. Dysgraphia is also:

  • Often co-occurring with dyslexia, dyscalculia, and/or ADHD
  • Often hereditary, meaning one or more family members have writing difficulties
  • Often the result of difficulties with orthographic encoding, which is the ability to store written words in working memory

What Dysgraphia Is NOT

  • Something to hide or be ashamed of
  • Untreatable
  • Related to intelligence

Symptoms of Dysgraphia

Children and adults with dysgraphia may show signs such as:

  • Difficulty with spelling
  • Illegible or messy handwriting
  • Inconsistent letter/word spacing
  • Awkward pencil grip
  • Difficulty with punctuation and capitalization
  • Difficulty with grammar
  • Difficulty getting thoughts and ideas down on paper
  • Avoidance of writing tasks
  • Difficulty with note taking in the classroom
  • Discrepancy between ability to verbally explain concepts versus ability to write them

Reach Out to MN Neuropsychology Today

Contact us to schedule a dyslexia or dysgraphia assessment. We’ll help to determine whether a diagnosis is appropriate and connect you with the best resources and intervention.

Contact Us

Contact us to schedule a neuropsychological evaluation to help determine whether a diagnosis of dyslexia is appropriate for your child, and to formulate a plan to help him/her learn best.